A Guide to Wood Science
The study of wood as a renewable material and organic material is what is known as wood science. The processes and the tools used to utilize the material is what is known as wood technology. Wood is treated as a material in direct comparison with other products. The wood is checked against the other materials properties, performances, value, and work-ability. The many Merits of timber and these technologies improve wood to be superior over other products. The wide range of products where wood can be used is just one of the many advantages that give wood an upper hand over other products. Wood is renewable, and this makes it more precious. The other merit is that a part of the harvested material is at the same time used as energy to produce the product.
Protection of wooden structure and products is a must if you want to keep the good looks in place. The biggest threat to wood being moisture and insects has to be kept away from the wood. The moisture courses the timber to decay and the insects eat through the wood. Alkaline copper Quaternary or the ACQ has turned out to be a very effective way wood preservation. The protection of from this chemical is based on copper. There are a few disadvantages of this method as a mode of wood preservation. The chemical is highly corrosive to most metals, the chemical corrodes away galvanized fasteners and therefore only stainless steel is used. The concentration of the chemical that will be used to treat a piece of wood will depend on the where it is going to be used and the molecular structure of the wood. Timber being used around a water body will be dipped in a more saturated fluid than that being used above ground.
Many methods are being invented to protect the wood, and one of them is the copper metal method. This method, unlike the ACQ, is friendly to the metal fasteners and its gaining popularity very fast. Micronized copper wood preservative is the correct term to refer this type of preservation. In this process microscopic particles of solid copper metal are mixed in a liquid carrier and injected to the wood at high pressure. In other copper-based preservation methods copper is dissolved in chemicals while in this method copper is driven into the wood as a metal. The characteristics of the wood are highly improved and the when this process is used to treat wood. The wood products protected using this method last longer.
Termites cannot eat through timber treated through this method. It has also shown to be an improvement in corrosion resistant properties to metal fasteners. Extensive research over a period of 10 years has proven the effectiveness of this science as one of the best wood preservation methods.
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